22Sep 2017

12 Best Software Development Methodologies with Pros and Cons

Today we have reached a situation where you have control over everything at the tip of your fingers. Technology has developed beyond imagination. All thanks to the software development industry!

The world of software development is something that is limitless.

Technology is a perfect blend of innovation and ideation that conceptualizes to form a platform, which is suitable for operating various software developments taking place.

In fact, the methodology meant for software development is considered as a structure used for planning and controlling the procedure of creating a specialized information system.

Certainly, these innovative methods are concerned with highlighting the process of software development, which does not involve the usage of any technical aspect.

The only matter considered is proper planning for the purpose of highly integrated software development.

The simple tenacity of these procedures is to offer customized software development as per the requirements.

Table of content [toc]

#1. Waterfall Model:

If you are into software development at some point or the other, you would have bumped into the Waterfall Model.

Considered as the traditional method of explaining the software development process in software engineering, waterfall model happens to clarify the process into a linear flow with a specified sequence to let the users understand that further level is made progressive on completion of the previous one.

Moreover, this methodology also talks about the fact that going back to deal with the changes is not possible.

Waterfall Model

Pros:

  1. Easy to understand and functional
  2. Simple enough to handle as model is rigid
  3. Saves significant amount of time
  4. Allows for easy testing and analysis

Cons:

  1. Only matches precise needs
  2. Not applicable for maintenance projects
  3. Does not allow editing in the testing phase
  4. No option to know possible outcome of a project
  5. Not excellent for long and ongoing projects

#2. Prototype Methodology:

It is a specialized software development procedure that initiates developers towards making only the sample of the resolution to validate its functional essence to the customers, and make essential changes before creating the authentic final solution.

In fact, the best part of this methodology is that it tends to resolve a set of diversifying issues occurring with the waterfall method.

Prototype Methodology

Pros:

  1. Gives clear idea about the functional process of the software
  2. Reduces the risk of failure in a software functionality
  3. Assists well in requirement gathering and the overall analysis

Cons:

  1. Chances of extension in management cost
  2. Excessive involvement of client can affect processing
  3.  Too many changes affect the workflow of the software

#3. Agile Software Development Methodology:

As an innovative approach, the agile software development methodology is used for articulating a well-organized project management procedure allowing for recurrent alterations.

Certainly, such type of a methodology is one theoretical outline for undertaking several software engineering projects.

Another good thing about it is that it minimizes peril by creating software in short time boxes, known as iterations, which happen to last from one week to one month.

Pros:

  1. Adaptive approach that responds to changes favorably
  2. Allows for direct communication to maintain transparency
  3. Improved quality by finding and fixing defects quickly and identifying expectation mismatches early.

Cons:

  1. Focuses on working with software and lacks documentation efficiency
  2. Chances of getting off-track as outcome are not clear

#4. Rapid Application Development:

Aimed at providing quick results, rapid application development is meant to give excellent development processes with the assistance of other development approaches.

It is created to take the maximum advantage from the development software.

Undoubtedly, it is designed to augment the workability of the whole software development procedure for highlighting the participation of an active user.

Rapid Application Development

Pros:

  1. Makes the entire development process effortless
  2. Assists client in taking quick reviews
  3. Encourages feedback from customers for improvement

Cons:

  1. Dependant on the team for performance
  2. Works on modularized system confined on this methodology
  3. Requires extremely skilled personnel to handle complexities
  4. Not applicable for the small budgeted projects

#5. Dynamic System Development Model Methodology:

Authentically formulated and derived from the rapid application development methodology, it is an iterative and incremental approach that focuses on the involvement of the user.

The task of this methodology is to provide software development systems within the specified time frame and the allocated budget.

The very reason why it is quite in demand in the world of software development.

Dynamic System Development Model Methodology

Pros:

  1. Users getting a grip of the software development process
  2. Functionality deliverables are quick
  3. Offers easy access to end users by the developers

Cons:

  1. This methodology is costly to implement
  2. Not suitable for small organizations

#6. Spiral Model:

Being a highly sophisticated design, it is meant to reduce the early risks in the project.

As per the process going by, the developers initiate on a smaller level and explore the included risks in it.

Further to this, the developers are intended towards crafting a plan for iterating of the spiral.

The accomplishment of any Spiral Lifecycle model is based on consistent, observant, and conversant management of the project.

Spiral Model

Pros:

  1. Risk factors are considerably reduced
  2. Excellent for large and complex projects
  3. Allows for additional functionality later
  4. Suitable for highly risky projects with varied business needs

Cons:

  1. Costly model in software development
  2. Failure in risk analysis phase may damage the whole project
  3. Not appropriate for low-risk projects
  4. Might get continued and never finish

#7. Extreme Programing Methodology:

As an agile software engineering methodology, extreme programming methodology is presently known as XP methodology.

It is chiefly used for crafting software within a very unbalanced atmosphere.

It enables greater tractability within the modelling procedure.

The foremost aim of this XP model is to reduce the cost of software essentialities.

It is fairly mutual in the XP model that the price of altering the requirements on future stage in the project can be really whooping.

Extreme Programing Methodology

Pros:

  1. It lays focus on customer involvement
  2. Establishes rational plans and schedules
  3. Developers are exceptionally committed to the project
  4. Equipped with modernistic methods for quality software

Cons:

  1. Effectiveness depends on the people involved
  2. Requires frequent meeting for development raising total costs
  3. Necessitates for excessive development changes
  4. Exact possibilities and future outcomes are really unknown

#8. Feature Driven Development:

Being an iterative methodology for software development, it is aimed at serving a large number of teams working on a project based on object-oriented technology.

This sort of model is decent for companies that are passing on from a phase-based method to an iterative approach.

It is already known as a FDD methodology and is highly functionable and creative enough to deal with varied complexities.

Feature Driven Development

Pros:

  1. Moves bigger projects with continuous success
  2. Easiest 5 procedures bring outcome in a better manner
  3. Built on pre-set standards of software development, it is programmed for easy development

Cons:

  1. Not suitable for smaller projects and single developer
  2. Highly dependable on the leading developers, necessitating for the complete structure
  3. No written document provided to software owner

#9. Joint Application Development Methodology:

The Joint Application Development Methodology is a requirements-classification and user-interface expansion approach that necessitates for the end-users, clients and developers attend a powerful off-site conference to accentuate and confirm software system.

This methodology serves towards including the client in the design and expansion of an application.

This is effortlessly proficient through a sequence of concerted workshops known as JAD sessions.

It tends to lay emphasis on the business difficulty rather than methodical details.

Pros:

  1. Allows for simultaneous congregation and alliance of excessive information.
  2. Produces huge amount of valuable information in short period
  3. Immediate resolving of differences with suitable assistance
  4. Provides forum to explore multiple points

Cons:

  1. Takes excessive amount of time for planning and scheduling
  2. Requires significant investment of time and effort
  3. Calls for highly trained experts, which is tough to find

#10. Lean Development Methodology:

As a technical advancement, Lean Development model lays emphasis on the formation of effortlessly manageable software.

This exquisitely designed development technique is more deliberately engrossed than any other form of agile methodology.

The objective of this procedure is to improve the software in one-third of the time, with very restricted budget, and very fewer amount of essential workflow.

Pros:

  1. Lower budget & time requirements
  2. Allows for delivery of product early

Cons:

  1. The workability of the team decides success of software development process
  2. Unsuitable business analyst can be severely problematic
  3. Excessive flexibility leads developer to lose focus

#11. Rational Unified Process Methodology:

Smartly called as RUP, Rational Unified Process methodology is a current software evolution process.

This methodology segregates the expansion process into four different stages that each includes business modelling, scrutiny and design, enactment, testing, and disposition.

This is an object-based and web-empowered program growth methodology.

The model tends to assist software developer for stating guidelines, templates, and specimens for all features and stages of software development.

Pros:

  1. Lays high focus on precise documentation
  2. Removes project risks linked with client evolving needs
  3. Very less requirement for integration

Cons:

  1. Needs excessively expert software developer
  2. Development procedure of the methodology is complicated
  3. Integration might cause confusion
  4. Very complicated to understand

#12. Scrum Development Methodology

A good thing about this methodology is its applicability to consecutively all projects.

Basically, this excellent development is suitable for those development projects that are constantly altering or extremely developing requirements.

The Scrum Software development model initiates with an ephemeral planning, conference and completes with a concluding review.

This growth methodology is used for prompt development of software that happens to include a series of iterations to generate required software.

It is a perfect approach because it effortlessly brings on track the deliberate progressing projects.

Scrum Development Methodology

Pros:

  1. Decision making lies in the hands of the team
  2. Business requirement document is considered insignificant
  3. Lightly controlled method empathizing with constant updating

Cons:

  1. The processing method suffers because of wavering costs
  2. Not suitable for big sized projects
  3. Requires highly expert team, which has no place for novices

Technology has paved way for exclusive developments and software development procedures are not different.

The main thing in this aspect is that it deals with a variety of complexities, which requires expert handling.

Software development has specified methodologies that work on certain platforms, which allows them freedom to operate.

This calls for high-quality performance under the guidance of professionals, who have years of experience in handling technical issues with efficiency.

With varied forms of methodologies applicable to a different set of software development projects, the developers have loads of options to create excellently working software.

It is the world of technology that everyone is looking, and the constant changes have led to various software developments.

It is the technique of creating useful software that adds value to the overall business procedure and creates ways for technical methodologies.

The essential factor of developing high-quality software is that they simplify complex procedure; but, requires an extensive way of dealing with technicalities and expert knowledge.

It is the support of experts that such software works efficiently; otherwise, they tend to spoil the entire process.

What kind of software methodologies do you utilize in your organization? Share your thoughts, feedback and comments with us.

Acodez IT Solutions is a web development company in India offering web design and development services along with mobile app development solutions. We are also an SEO agency based in India offering A to Z digital marketing solutions that will help take your business to the next level.

For further details on how we can help your business, contact us today.

Jamsheer K

Jamsheer K, an aspiring software engineer leads the PHP team at Acodez IT Solutions. With more than 4 years of experience in web development, he is an expert at building excellent web apps. Recently, he is into writing and developing articles and blogs on web security. His writing comes from his research and experience with web development.

Get a free quote!

Brief us your requirements below, and let's connect

13 Comments

  1. Bella Michael

    Amazing post to read.I would recommend this post to all people working in the web development areana. Good Work.Keep it Up.

  2. Jennifer Knight

    Excellent article! I am doing research on system and software development and this article really made it easy to understand and relay to my research team. Well done!

  3. PARTHIBAN KANNAN

    Superb dude!
    It is well worth for beginners who wants to know about Software development methodology.
    Good JOB

  4. Sumith

    Short and clear. Great post. Thanks a lot.

  5. alier abel garang

    thanks so much to the owners of the site. because this information is helping us for our studies.
    so do others and it will us for our research.

  6. Amit

    Concise and clear. Great post.. touching upon all kinds of development methodologies.

  7. Anita Jain

    Thanks for sharing this information with us.

    It makes great sense to hire expert software development methodologies designers and play safe. Such designers are often aware of the latest trends and technologies in the web industry and they also know what design works best for businesses across industry verticals.

  8. RL Infotechh Solutions

    Nonetheless, this is the best article I have read. As software development is a long term process,so most of the software development companies today actually work on the basis of the software development methodologies. Therefore, gathering knowledge about the pros and cons of these methodologies is very effective for the people who belong in this field. This article covers each and every information about the methodologies. Thanks for sharing it!

  9. Portal Berita Online

    Hi there mates, its fantastic article concerning educationand completely
    defined, keep it up all the time.

  10. Dilshi

    Thank you so much for the article. I’m a final year Business Management student who is currently doing an assignment on the module ‘Project Management for Information Systems’. This article is very much helpful for someone like me who doesn’t have much IT based knowledge but still having to do an assignment of 6000 words on the above topic. I would be very much grateful if you could write an article on ‘software reuse practices and its importance’. Thank you so much and keep it up!!!!

  11. Ligiana

    I’m a final year Business Management student who is currently doing an assignment on the module ‘Project Management for Information Systems’.

  12. RKV IT Solutions

    Read your blog post for the first time, and I have to say that your blog post is really interesting. We all know about software development. But the way you have represented the Definition of Software Development is really interesting to read. It helps in increasing the knowledge about the software development. And has to say that it a must read the blog post for the new ones in this field. Thanks for sharing it with us. Will be reading your all blog Posts. We are the leading Software and Website Development Company in Patna, Bihar, India.

  13. Tvisha

    Great Post and points were perfectly explained …..

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

What’s new

Brand new website for Anchor By Panasonic, fully designed and developed by team Acodez, is now live.

Working on a brand new website for Axis Bank Forex - right from Information Architecture & UX, UI and Development.

Working on a brand new website for Titan Sonata. Stay tuned to see it in action!

Signed contract with Panasonic Lighting as their digital marketing agency

Brand new website for CavinKare, fully designed and developed by team Acodez, is now live.

Signed Contract for a 5000+hours Web application for an investor firm in Saudi Arabia

Working on the Logo and Brand Identity for Remit Money (by Axis Bank)

Signed contract for managing the Social Media accounts of Anchor Electricals

Working on new E-commerce Portal for Cover Story - by Future Group. Stay Tuned!

Launched new website for Panasonic Powertools

Just Inaugurated - our 4th office in India at UL CyberPark SEZ, Calicut