17Jul 2023

Agile vs Scrum: Differences and Similarities

You are probably already familiar with the phrases, ‘Agile’ and ‘Scrum’ project management methodologies, regardless of your level of expertise in the industry. 

While talking about Software Development Methodoloigies, though the approaches taken by these two process management strategies are similar, there are also significant variations between these that you should be aware of if you’re interested in working in project management, software development, or both.

Knowing more about the operations of each technique can help you compare Agile vs Scrum more effectively. 

It frequently happens that the phrases Agile and Scrum are used interchangeably, which is incorrect. Agile and Scrum are not always the same, despite the fact that they both have the same functionalities for businesses.

Simply said, all teams that use Scrum methodologies and concepts are Agile; however, not all Agile teams use Scrum. 

In a study of 101,592 software developers, for instance, it was discovered that 85.4% of them employed Agile in their projects, but this does not imply that they applied the Scrum methodology and concepts. 

 Statistics of Types of Methodologies Used by Developers
Statistics of Types of Methodologies Used by Developers – Image Credit: Stackoverflow

This article aims to explore the differences, as well as the similarities between Agile and Scrum. To understand each approach better, we will examine its operations and principles. 

But first, let’s define Agile and Scrum to establish a strong foundation for our comparison. By doing so, we will have a clearer understanding of how these popular project management methodologies relate to each other and how they diverge in their implementations and processes.

What Is Agile?

Agile Methodology Image Concept
Agile Methodology Image Concept – Image Credit: Freepik

Teams often use an agile methodology, which is a cooperative and flexible approach, to complete tasks faster. This widely utilized project management approach is frequently a more natural way to keep multi-functional team members organized and on tasks. 

Teams work on a project through a series of iterations using Agile, which are then prioritized based on end-user feedback.

The fundamental tenet of the Agile technique is to be adaptable enough to make adjustments as necessary. A project manager does this by setting aside a specific amount of time for each stage of a software project. 

The Agile Manifesto for Software Development explains the methodology’s foundations more thoroughly, including its 12 basic principles.

The methodology fosters an atmosphere where employees are encouraged to constantly change in response to the shifting demands and expectations of the customer. Collaboration within self-organizing and cross-functional teams is crucial in achieving this progress. 

Teams can produce high-quality software because of this. It helps development teams match their goals and the project’s conclusion with the needs of the client, which enhances how organizations approach and execute their projects. 

Agile is a significant departure from the conventional waterfall methodology because, in the latter, all project or business requirements must first be evaluated and documented by team members at higher tiers before development can begin. 

With the Agile technique, standards are flexible and change with each iteration, giving the software development cycle a lot of versatility and potential for expansion.

What Is Scrum?

Scrum Methodology Concept
Scrum Methodology Concept – Image Credit: Freepik

Scrum is a component of the Agile methodology. This statement indicates that while it is more polished, it ultimately adheres to the same set of guiding principles. 

Additionally, it is a flexible approach utilized in software development. It is not a predetermined method or procedure that is simple to apply. 

It is a framework that can be customized to any team’s or company’s requirements so they can effectively solve issues and produce high-quality work.

Scrum is a very well-known Agile approach. According to a recent study with more than 2,000 participants, 97% of all IT teams who used Scrum were delighted with the outcome they had with their projects and said they would continue to employ Scrum techniques in the future.

Statistics of Scrum Practitioners
Statistics of Scrum Practitioners – Image Credit: Scrum Alliance

It’s interesting to note that the Scrum approach is an Agile framework that promotes productivity and teamwork in software development and testing. 

Product backlogs, sprint backlogs, and sprint goals are the three components that make up a sprint in a scrum-based development project. 

A particular function is set up, established, and tested during each sprint. Each sprint takes up to three weeks, based on the project’s size. 

Instead of having to restart the entire software development lifecycle, as with a Waterfall technique, if any business requirements change that necessitates a code change, it is quicker and easier to locate it in the sprint backlog.

Agile and Scrum: Differences

Understanding the differences between Agile and Scrum project management methodologies is crucial in determining the right approach for a particular project. 

To assist you in exploring these distinctions, we have compiled a table that highlights the key differences between Agile and Scrum across various aspects. 

By analyzing this comparison, you can better appreciate the unique features and benefits of each approach in achieving project goals. 

MethodologyIncremental and iterative processIncremental builds every 2-3 weeks
Ideal Use CaseSmall, skilled project development teamProjects with frequently changing requirements
LeadershipCrucial to the approachEncourages cross-functional, self-organizing team
AdaptabilityMore strict method with limited potential for frequent adjustmentsHighly adaptable and fast-moving
CollaborationTeamwork and direct communication between cross-functional team membersDaily stand-up meetings with specific roles for team members, product owner, and Scrum master
Organizational AdjustmentRequires significant adjustment in organization and development processLess adjustments needed during the implementation
FeedbackRegular delivery to the end customerAfter each sprint, build is given to the client for review
MonitoringContinuous monitoring of lifecycle stages (requirements, analysis, design)Functionality shown at the end of each sprint
Task ManagementManaged by the project headNo designated team leader; handled by the whole team
End-user FeedbackPromotes feedback throughout the processDaily sprint meetings to assess and discuss comments
Software Delivery & UpgradesRegular software delivery and upgrades are crucialNext sprint can be planned once current sprint tasks are completed
CommunicationFace-to-face communication is idealFocus on providing the best possible business value throughout the project

Agile vs Scrum: Similarities 

While Agile and Scrum methodologies each have their unique features, they also share several similarities that highlight their focus on teamwork, adaptability, and customer satisfaction. 

To further elucidate the shared aspects of these project management methodologies, we present a table illustrating the similarities between Agile and Scrum. 

By examining these common traits, it becomes evident how both methodologies work towards achieving optimal project outcomes.

AspectAgile and Scrum
FoundationAgile is a philosophy with a set of values and principles; Scrum is a methodology that implements these Agile values and principles
PurposeBoth promote replacing traditional project management with teamwork and aim to provide a better understanding of the software development cycle for the customer
Values and PrinciplesBoth Agile and Scrum share values such as collaboration, improved communication, and adaptability to change
ApproachBoth methods focus on iterative delivery, allowing for better communication and flexibility
Customer InvolvementAgile and Scrum both emphasize client understanding and involvement in the software development process, creating a better final product
Incremental and Iterative ProcessScrum and Agile follow an incremental and iterative process that allows for better control and adaptability during the project’s lifecycle

Principles of Scrum

Scrum is one of the top Agile methodologies. 

Transparency, clear communication, adaptability, and continuous development are the cornerstones of this framework, which was created expressly to assist teams in working effectively on complicated projects with regularly changing requirements. 

Below are the six principles of Scrum methodology:

  1. Control Over the Process of Empirical Research

Instead of relying on theory, Scrum’s empirical method is founded on analyzing verifiable data and experimentation. Transparency, inspection, and adaptability are the three essential principles of empirical process control. 

  1. Self-Management

Self-organization is crucial because the Scrum process depends on numerous people. The self-organization principle encourages more buy-in from all stakeholders while making it simpler to evaluate individual efforts. Everyone involved is given the freedom to work independently.

  1. Working Together

The several responsibilities involved in Scrum demonstrate that it is a collaborative process. This principle emphasizes three aspects of collaboration: consciousness, articulation, and appropriation.

  1. Prioritization Is Based on Values

In this principle, tasks are arranged and prioritized depending on their importance and what needs to be done.

  1. Use of a Timer

Scrum requires that tasks be finished in “sprints,” with each sprint having a designated amount of time. There are also set beginning and ending times for other components, such as “sprint planning” and daily meetings. 

With the intention of preventing squandered time and delays, this time-boxing ensures that everyone involved knows how much time is allotted to each stage. 

  1. Iterative Design

This last principle refers to the knowledge that a project may require to be adjusted more than once as it is being developed. The team can adapt and handle change more easily using iterative development. 

Benefits of Using Agile Methodology

Software development has been revolutionized by agile. Agile principles now underpin all agile development methodologies and techniques.

The outcome from an Agile project management varies from situation to situation, as various teams tend to execute the agile best practices in different kind of ways . However, one thing that is widely accepted is that Agile provides a lots of benefits, such as the following:

Statistics of the Benefits of using Agile
Statistics of the Benefits of using Agile – Image Credit: Zippia
  1. Predictability 

Agile teams generally complete their tasks in brief intervals, known as Sprints. As these are comparitevely shorter  predetermined durations (such as two weeks), these makes it simpler for project managers and heads to assess the team’s performance and also to allocate the required resources in accordance with it.

In addition to this, as the team expenses are easier to predict and calculate for short-term projects than long-term ones, the estimation process could also be made easier with this. 

  1. Lower Risk

During sprints, developers regularly analyze their work, giving them enhanced project visibility and the ability to detect potential barriers quickly. Arising minor issues can be addressed before they turn out to be more serious one that requires an efficient risk mitigation method and an increased possibility of project success.

  1. Improved Communication

Agile teams prioritize face-to-face contact and ongoing interaction. To make sure everybody go along with and pursues the same goals, they typically conduct daily meetings. They also communicating often with one another, which helps in avoiding uncertainty which inturn also helps them to accomplish their goal.

  1. Satisfied Clients

Agile teams connect with their customers and value their feedback by incorporating it into the product development process. 

Partners want to be engaged at all stages of the project’s life cycle so they can provide input and ensure the outcome meets their requirements. These customized outputs will probably enhance user experience generally and increase client retention.

  1. Enhanced Quality 

Agile project management principles use an iterative approach in which procedures are made better with each iteration. The most fundamental ideas of Agile methodology are that continuous improvement and quality control result in better products.

  1. Flexibility

Flexibility is Agile’s central tenet. Agile teams are adaptable to change and can do so without much disturbance, even at the last minute. Since project deliverables are flexible, teams may review their strategies and realign their priorities to meet revised objectives. Teams that are flexible can deliver reliably and effectively handle clients’ shifting requirements.

Examples of Brands That Use Agile Methodology

Agile has become a crucial part of software management for many businesses as a process for creating software that is growing in popularity. 

Whether you’re considering using Agile or are merely interested in current developments, numerous firms are shifting their perspectives to concentrate on effective development and to increase value delivery.

Below are some companies that have successfully used Agile methodologies in their project management. 

  1. Cisco
Cisco’s Implementation of Agile Framework
Cisco’s Implementation of Agile Framework – Image Credit: Cisco

The Subscription Charging Platform was the focus of Cisco’s agile implementation. The group met for 15 minutes at the beginning of each day to discuss work items and coordinate progress. They acquired more transparency with SAFe.

Every group was aware of what the other groups were doing and was capable of managing itself. By using updates and status knowledge, the team was able to encourage accountability through these actions.

  1. Siemens

The Siemens Digital Factory, which has about 50 people, was the setting for the agile implementation. This plan’s purpose is to create software automation solutions that are employed by manufacturers all around the world.

Since agile methods were created to address the organization’s difficulties, the circumstance was excellent for them.

After only two weeks, the results were already included in the initial review. Everyone’s spirits were raised by witnessing empirical control of the process in action.

Cooperation, experimentation, trust, and accountability were some of the deeper mindsets and cultural shifts sparked by these improvements, which were more appropriate for a progressive and iterative approach.

  1. Google

Creating and testing products and services at Google is based on agile software development techniques like Scrum. Each team decides on the technology and approach that will help them solve problems the most effectively.

The creation of Google Adwords was one of the initiatives that employed the Scrum technique, for instance.

  1. Sony
 Sony’s Success Story After Implementing the Scrum Methodology
Sony’s Success Story After Implementing the Scrum Methodology – Image Credit: Agile42

The Sony-provided agile methodology considerably aids in building a contemporary software development and project management procedure. It functions according to the Scrum methodology in a project with a highly complex project context and dangers.

Sony sought a lightweight, simple-to-understand software development and project management approach.  In addition to encouraging teamwork, it would do a quick Internet search for possible consulting firms.

The objective of having a transparent project management and development process was achieved with the adoption of Scrum. Sony’s teams collaborated with project partners to reach a high degree of collaboration.

  1.  LEGO

Teams were the foundation of the renowned LEGO toy company’s agile methodology. At the beginning of the Agile implementation, 20 product teams worked across the firm; however, only five became self-organizing Scrum teams. As Scrum began to take hold, the other teams started changing gradually.

Initially, although each team had become agile, they were still unable to work together successfully. After adopting the SAFe structural pattern, LEGO started to have success.

LEGO’s Transformation After Implementing Agile Methodology
LEGO’s Transformation After Implementing Agile Methodology- Image Credit: Dockconsulting
  1. Mitsubishi

This business, among others, is active in more than 120 nations in the fields of aircraft, semiconductors, power generation, and distribution.

Although the corporation knew it would require time to get acquainted with other departments and adapt to Agile forms, the Agile technique was first used in Japan. Teams at the corporate office of the business assisted in sustaining the strategy till it spread to additional factories. 

The agile methodology was developed through seminars in which employees participated and were able to apply the techniques and concepts in all of the company’s departments.

  1. Yahoo!

Yahoo! has staked on shortening software development times while controlling team size.  And they succeeded with the Agile Methodology, particularly when using Scrum.

Over a predetermined number of days, they design, develop, and test various goods and services to enhance and better utilize the technologies they use internally and make available to the general public.


Companies are rapidly employing Agile developers and Scrum specialists in order to compete in the current highly competitive technology market—and they’re doing very well. Proper training is crucial if you want to pursue a successful career in Agile or Scrum. 

With the appropriate credentials, you can distinguish yourself from other candidates and receive the training you need to succeed on the job from the correct courses.

 Product managers are urged by the well-liked agile methodology to take on product development while considering shifting consumer trends. The Scrum methodology is the most widely used application of Agile principles in business.

Due to its immense popularity, many individuals now mistakenly use Agile and Scrum interchangeably. Since they complement one another, there is no real comparison to be made between the two. 

You may stay educated about the product management process by being aware of what each phrase means and how they compare. Once you know the differences between Agile and Scrum, you may proceed to the following phase and learn more about Agile vs Scrum.

Acodez is a leading web development company in India offering all kinds of web design and development solutions at affordable prices. We are also an SEO and digital marketing agency offering inbound marketing solutions to take your business to the next level. For further information, please contact us today.

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Jamsheer K

Jamsheer K

Jamsheer K, is the Tech Lead at Acodez. With his rich and hands-on experience in various technologies, his writing normally comes from his research and experience in mobile & web application development niche.

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