Are you a senior software leader in any enterprise looking to undertake a project in web application development?
You could be facing challenges over how to best execute the project given the numerous programming languages available for web development.
The programming languages are crucial for not only frontend development but are viable for backend development as well. Without a doubt, the backend is the most vital part of bringing business logic and operations into life.
It is critical to use tools that make the backend easily scalable and as useful as possible.
There is a vast array of programming languages used today. In this article, we will discuss two up-and-coming backend technologies that are building high-performance applications.
Both caught the eye of web development through different projects. In this article, we make a detailed comparison of Node.js vs. Golang, but we first understand the basics before we do.
Table of Contents
Node.js was created by Ryan Dahl in 2009, and in just two years, released an open-source version of the environment. Other computer operating systems support.
Node.js has become one of the most popular programming languages since it features an asynchronous, event-driven, I/O model for developing highly scalable and real-time server-side web applications.
Go, or Golang was first released in 2009 by a team of ambitious software engineers at Google. Ken Thompson, Rob Pike, and Griesemer played a vital role in the rise of Go.
This team studied the C programming language and wanted to retain most of its strengths, such as minimal resource requirements. As far as the structure is concerned, there is a considerable similarity between Go and C languages.
Go enables developers to use memory safely. Other key features include concurrency support, garbage collection, and object management. Golang has since undergone many enhancements thanks to having a vibrant developer community.
As of this writing, the stable release version is 1.15.6, released December 3, 2020.
Golang is the 2nd popular programming language according to the TIOBE index in January 2021. It indeed enjoys vast popularity. Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019 ranks it as the 13th most popular programming language.
Whenever you think about Node.js’ use of Node.js, creating a high-performance network application comes to your mind first.
It might be an excellent choice to choose Node.js for creating real-time web applications that support two-way communication. There is no need for a server to wait for an API response to return data in such applications.
Node.js servers satisfy this requirement because the environment allows asynchronous programming, and Node.js APIs are non-blocking. The event mechanism helps Node.js respond to requests, thus creating scalable applications.
Thanks to its powerful features, Go can be used on a wide range of Web app development projects. When you first think of the use of Golang, performance comes to your mind.
It has a compiler and doesn’t have an interpreter, making Golang deliver robust performance. As far as performance is concerned, Go efficiently utilizes system resources making it a popular development language.
Efficient management of allocated memory makes it easier to write reliable applications. Thus, Go enables organizations to develop high-performance web applications.
Go writes APIs and web services because it has proven its utility in machine learning development, big data development, network programming, and systems programming.
The following is a list of companies that use Node.js
Some of the components of Node.js frameworks include:
The following is a list of companies that use Golang.
It is about time we settle this debate. Although the Go language looks to be the perfect solution for web application development due to easiness to use features, compilation, and popularity among developers, Node.js is still firmly standing its ground.
We can now settle the debate between Node.js and Go by using various approaches.
In Go, developers learn specific concepts, processes, interfaces, coroutines, rules, pointers, and other stuff. Further, Go is for backend development purposes only, so you will probably need to hire frontend developers as well.
Go language is perfectly suited for scalability. In other terms, Goroutines allow more effortless execution of parallel threads.
The system thus gets messy very quickly. Node.js is also single-threaded; therefore, the execution of instructions happens in sequence.
As we have seen, concurrent programming is not as agile and elegant as it should be.
In Go language, error handling has a unique approach. It demands a proper code check. As a result, you get better code consistency and flawless work.
Node.js may sometimes have inconsistent error handling but has a better and more explicit error handling than Golang using a common throw-catch error handling technique.
The drive for building Go was to get better performance than Node.js, and they achieved this goal. Golang’s framework is very light and fast compared to Node,.js.
On the other hand, Node.js is dynamically typed and is an interpreted language slow in execution compared to other compiled languages.
Depending on the web app you are building, performance can either be high or terrible. However, Node.js and Go’s performance is often equal when network communications and database interaction are involved.
On the other hand, the Go language is young and less popular than Node.js.
Truth be told, it will take time for Golang to catch up with Node.js. It is even easier to find a Node.js developer than it is to find a Go developer.
As mentioned earlier, both languages have their communities fully engaged in improving these programming languages.
For example, Node JS has a large and vibrant community aiming to have widespread Node JS adoption.
Microsoft, PayPal, Intel, and IBM are active members of the Node.js foundation.
Node.js has over 57000 stars and over a billion downloads on GitHub.
The Go community, even though small, is growing every year. Google hosts annual GopherCon events that bring together developers from all around the world.
There is no perfect programming language when it comes to programming languages from all this. It is a matter of what kind of web application you want to build.
If you are confused, you can hire a professional web development company because they know which tools and languages to best use for any project.
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